Zakat al-Fitr rules and etiquette
Zakat al-Fitr and where did the name come from? What are the provisions of Zakat al-Fitr? And what is the etiquette of Zakat al-Fitr? Many things related to Zakat al-Fitr are covered in today’s article on the Elymany website.
By Sheikh Abu Muaz Mustafa Daoud.
Its definition: the language of purity, growth, blessing, and praise, and it is the sect of money with which it is recommended.
The name is Zakat al-Fitr because iftar is from the month of Ramadan, which is obligatory and purification for the soul, just as the usual zakat is a purification for money. It is a charity that a Muslim gives about himself and his body, called Fitrah.
- Milestones of the Sunnah for the rhetorician (47/2).
- The ending is in the Hadith of Gharib Ibn Aether (307/3).
- Superlative in the modern Gharib (119/2).
How legitimate is it?
Show its legitimacy by Sunnis and the consensus of the nation.
When did you start?
In the second year of emigration.
Her verdict: duty
Imam Al-Bayhaqi said in his Sunnah 4/159 (H. 7671), and the scholars were also unanimous that Zakat al-Fitr is obligatory.
Imam Ibn al-Mundhir said in the ijma issue 106 that they were unanimous that Sadaqa al-Fitr was imposed.
I said and the evidence is the Hadeeth of Ibn ‘ Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: the messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) imposed zakaah on al – Fitr, both from dates and barley, on slave and free, Male, Female, Young and old, from Muslims. He ordered it to be performed before the people went out to the agreed prayer.
Some of them claimed to have copied the premise of Zakat al-Fitr. They invoked the Hadith of Abu Ammar, who said: I asked Qais Ibn Saad about al-Fitr’s charity, and he said: (the messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered us before zakat came down, and then Zakat came down, so we did not finish it, we did not call it, and we are doing it).
- His Isnad Sahih was directed by Ahmad (H. 23840).
- And Al-Bayhaqi in the major Sunnah 4/159 (H. 7671).
- Al-tahari “explained the problem of Antiquities” (2263).
- And the Tabari in “Kabir” 18/ (887).
- And Al-tayalsi (1211).
- And the female in the Mujtaba(5/49).
- And in the “grand” (2842).
- Al-tahari explains the problem of Antiquities (2258).
This was followed by another of the scholars, including Al-Bayhaqi, who said after narrating the Hadith, which does not indicate the fall of its imposition. Because the descent of one imposition does not entail the fall of the other, the scholars have been unanimous on the obligation of zakah al-Fitr.
If they disagree on whether to call it an imposition, then it is not permissible to leave it, and by Allah, the best of luck.
And he said the rhetorical one in the milestones of the Sunnah (47/2).
To whom should you answer?
Answer to every Muslim،
Free or slave.
Male or female.
Big or small.
What are the conditions of its obligatory?
First: three conditions must be met: Islam, Freedom, and the left.
Do not answer a disbeliever for saying (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in a Hadeeth (from Muslims) Imam Shafi’i (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in the mother (67/2). The messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) imposed it only on Muslims, and this is by the book of Allaah Almighty, he made zakaah for Muslims pure and the tour is only for Muslims.
Secondly: freedom does not have to be imposed on slaves because they have nothing, but their master must leave them.
Third: the left alone is the one who is favored by his strength and the strength of those who need his expenses for the night of Eid and the day is hard, he is solvent, and if he does not prefer something, he is insolvent. He does not need anything immediately and does not settle in his mind, so if it becomes easier after that, he does not need to get out of the past and see the total for the nuclear (130/6).
Zakat al-Fitr for whom to perform?
Imam Ibn al-Mundhir said in the consensus question (107), and they were unanimous that Sadaqat al-Fitr is obligatory for a person if he can perform it for himself, and for his children, children who have no money for them. The Muslim performs it for himself and for all those who depend on them, and their expense must be paid to him, even the Mamluks, contrary to the procedure.
Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said (Sadaqat al-Fitr for those on whom your expense is spent) narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah (H 10657) with a valid bond.
In Sunnah (141/2), the daraqtani corrected the narration of Ibn Umar about his being arrested.
About the names that she used to give alms al-Fitr to those who were provided by her family, the witness and the absent, narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah (H.10671), and his right deed.
How to take it out
The duty of giving alms to the mushrooms is made for every person, and every portion of the grains and fruits of all races that came in the year or were not mentioned is part of what is spent and saved.
Abu Sa’id al-Khudari (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: (We used to give zakah al-Fitr as a portion of food, or as a portion of barley, or as a portion of dates, or as a portion of data, or as a portion of raisins).
- Narrated by al-Bukhari (H. 1506).
- And Ahmed (H. 11932).
- And women’s (1/51).
- And the son of Majah (1829).
- And the son of khuzayma (2418).
- And the son of two lovers (3305).
If it is true of every human being, it is no less true of all the races of the director.
Is it half an SAA of wheat
About Abdullah ibn ‘ Umar, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) imposed the charity of Ramadan on the free and the slave, and the male and female SAA’a from the date, or SAA’a from barley he said: so people adjusted to it half SAA’a from righteousness.
Al-Bukhaari (1511) and Muslims (h984) directed it verbally.
People are the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), including Uthman, Ali Abu Hurayrah, Jabir ibn Abdullah Abdullah ibn Zubayr, Muawiyah, and Asma bint Abu Bakr. It was also true about ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab and’ Abd Allah ibn ‘ Abbas that they just added half an SAA of wheat with an SAA of barley, wheat, Parr and wheat are all one.
Is it required to take Zakat al-Fitr out of the prescribed varieties only?
This is not required by the public or scientists, because the matter has a capacity and it is divided by all kinds of grains and fruits of all races, which costs and saves.
Is the king of the quorum required to pay Zakat al-Fitr?
The answer is no to what Ibn ‘ Umar said: the messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) imposed Sadaqah al-Fitr on every free man and slave, male and female Muslims.
The speaker is the one who is rich in the sustenance of his day, and it does not concern those who have a quorum for those who do not have a quorum for him, it is a general term, and then Zakat al-Fitr is a right to the money, it does not increase with more money.
Al-baghawi said in the commentary of the Sunnah (71/6).
There is evidence in it that the king of the quorum is not a condition for its obligatory, but rather it is obligatory on the poor and the rich, which is the popular saying, Ibn Sirin, Ataa, Al-Zahri, and Malik.
Shafi’i said: if he prefers his strength and the strength of his dependents for the day and night of Eid as much as Sadaqat al-Fitr, then Sadaqat al-Fitr is obligatory for him, as Ibn Al-Mubarak and Ahmad said.
How much is Zakat al-Fitr?
We mentioned that it is made from food, which means that it has a mass, and the weight varies according to the mass of each type. For example, the mass of wheat is different from raisins, different from dried yogurt (muesli), different from dates, and so on.
Our scholars have appreciated it with the blessings of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and have converted it to lightening weights on Muslims in this way, and these types vary from one country to another.
- The rice weighed about 3 kg.
- Wheat rose about 2.25 kg.
- Sawn dates are about 1.7 kg.
- The cowpea weighed about 2.6 kg.
- Beans stunned about 2.7 kg.
- Raisins stung about 1.6 kg.
- Lentils stung about 2.6 kg.
- Beans stung about 2.5 kg.
- SAA flour is about 1.9 kg.
Of course, the price varies from place to place and from time to time.
How to calculate the whole family
Each individual has one of these types of Thunderbolts, and the Thunderbolt is not divided between several types, so look at the number of the family, and two Thunderbolts come out, either from one type or from several types.
When is the time to take out Zakat al-Fitr?
Her time is divided three times :
- It should be two or three days before the Eid prayer.
- It must be from the sunset of the last day of Ramadan to the Eid prayer or with the dawn of the day of Eid, depending on the differences between the scholars.
- It is haraam to hate, and the doer of it is sinning, and he who performs it after the Eid prayer intentionally knows about it.
It is narrated from Nafi’i that the son of ‘ Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) (used to send Zakat al-Fitr to the one who gathered there two or three days before the Fitr) was narrated by Malik (H55).
And others said Imam Al-Bayhaqi in the minor Sunnah (H. 1242).
Zakat al-Fitr is obligatory with the Fitr from Ramadan and Ibn Umar used to take it out before it was obligatory.
About Ibn ‘ Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them): (that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered Zakat al-Fitr to be performed before people went out to pray) narrated by Muslim (H 986).
Abdullah ibn ‘ Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: the messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) imposed Zakat al-Fitr (Zakat al-Fitr) as a purification for the fasting person from slander and slander and as food for the poor, whoever performed it before the prayer, it is accepted Zakat, and whoever performed it after the prayer, it is one of the alms.
Sahih was directed by Abu Dawud (1609).
And the son of Majah (1827).
Then it is one of the temporary acts of worship with a limited time, and whoever does it after its time is a punishment like a prayer, because the punishment in the convention is the act of worship after its limited time, whoever deliberately delayed it sinned against that, unlike the people and the ignorant.
Who has a debt, does zakaah al-Fitr come out?
We say yes, Zakat al-Fitr should come out unless the debt repayment date arrives and this debt absorbs everything that he owns. So that he does not have more than his daily sustenance, then Zakat al-Fitr falls from him here.
About him, Ibn Qudamah said in Al-Mughni (100/3).
Is Zakat al-Fitr falling by delay?
Shaykhs Al-Bukhaari and Muslim narrated from Abdullah ibn ‘ Abbas (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) that the debt of Allah has the right to be spent, and with him he said, Malik, Shafi’i, Laith, and Ahmad do not fall by delay, even if it is years.
The verdict of the one who did not perform Zakat al-Fitr and once had it for years, intentionally or ignorantly :
Malik said: from the last Zakat al-Fitr until it has been so for years, he performs all this. Because the religion of God has the right to be spent.
The blog (185/1) as well as the Shafi’i in the mother.
Is the agency responsible for issuing and distributing Zakat al-Fitr?
Yes, it is permissible for an individual or any institution whose honesty and religion we trust, and the agent may delay giving it to the poor after the Eid prayer.
When Al-Bukhaari (H.5010) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told him that he had to pay zakaah on al-Fitr and that he had a story with a jinn captive for three nights in which he believed you and he is a liar.
How to distribute Zakat al-Fitr?
The scholars have two things in it: the first is that it is distributed to the eight zakaah banks, and they argue that it is zakaah from zakah, the banks are :
(But alms for the poor, the poor, and those who work on it, and the author of their hearts, and in the necks, and the rich, and for the sake of Allah and the son of the way, is an obligation of Allah, and Allah is all-knowing, wise) [Repentance: 60].
The second saying is that it comes out only for the poor because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)said about Zakat al-Fitr that it is (food for the poor)
This means that it is the right of the poor.
And proof of their competence in it, and this is the closest to the right.
Is it permissible for me to give Zakat al-Fitr to my children and parents?
It is not permissible for a Muslim to pay Zakat al-Fitr to those he supports and spends on, even if they are poor, but if they have another breadwinner and they are among the people of charity, it is permissible to give them, even if it is his children and brothers.
The bug directed by Zakat al-Fitr
First opinion: the reason for taking it out is for two reasons: the first is a purification for the fasting person from babbling and the fluttering is a purification for the fasting person.
To purify him from the slander, which is all false speech, and the rath, which is an obscene saying, purification, and recitation are needed by all fasting people.
And zakaah on the Fitr and stiffer will patch up what is broken from fasting with gibberish and trembling.
That is why he said: the Sadaqat al-Fitr for the fasting person is like my prostration for the omission of prayer.
Asking for forgiveness, prayer, Hajj, etc.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered Aisha (may Allaah be pleased with her) on the night of Qadr to ask for forgiveness, mentioning purification. He came out mostly as she answers to those who have not sinned as the verifier of righteousness, the child, and the Hadith of Islam.
Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali said about him the Taif Al-Maarif (P.214).
And the keeper of the conquest (369/3).
Second opinion: it is feeding the poor and the poor
They invoked what was mentioned about the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the command to relieve the poor and the needy from the issue on this day, and I say it has been narrated in several words.
- “Sing them about the order on this day”.
- “Sing them about the matter on this day “.
- “Sing them about the question on this day”.
- “Sing them about circumambulation on this day “.
- “Sing them on this day “.
I said and it is not true because his orbit is based on my father MU’asher Najih Al-Sindi Al-Madani said Ali ibn Al-Madani, Yahya Ibn Ma’in, Al-Nisai, and the Cotton House is weak and Al-Bukhari said he denied the Hadeeth.
We only mention some imams who weakened him :
- Ibn Uday’s weakness is completely weak (7/55).
- Al-Bayhaqi Al-khilafat (H 3230) said this news is not fixed.
- Imam Ibn Hazm weakened him in the local (6/121).
- As well as the Hanafi zilai Hafiz, The Banner was erected(2/432).
- And Imam ibn ‘ Abd al-Hadi in the nausea of the investigation( 3/102).
- Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar in the conquest and puberty of Al-Maram (H. 177) and his Sheikh Imam Ibn al-Mulkeen in
- Al-Badr al-Munir ( 5/620).
- As well as the Sanaani Prince in the ways of peace (2/218).
Does Zakat go from one country to another?
Imam Malik (may Allah have mercy on him) said that I believe that all people should pay Zakat al-Fitr in their places, the people of the villages where they are in their villages and the people of the cities in their cities, the code (187/1).
With this statement, Abu Hanifa, Al-Shafi’i, Al-Thawri, and Al-Layth said, as quoted by Imam Al-tahari, the abbreviation of the difference of Jurists(485/1).
Does it fragment the value?
All the scholars of the four madhhabs, headed by Abu Hanifa, Malik, Shafi’i, and Ahmad, agreed that giving Zakat al-Fitr as food is sunnah.
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the wise caliphs and all the companions and followers did, and Abu Hanifa said that the value is permissible, and the rest disagreed with him, and they said it is indivisible.
As a general Muslim, I am not one of the scholars of what to do, in clearing up and leaving doubts, I must do what is agreed upon and leave the difference in it.
And he brought them out food, as did the messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and his companions and the crowd of scholars.
See the total (132/6) of the nuclear Imam.
Hadeeth is lying about the virtue of Zakat al-Fitr and is afraid to leave it
The month of Ramadan is suspended between heaven and earth and is lifted only by Zakat al-Fitr.
- And forget about the son of Malik towards him and his ways do not abandon the unknown and weak.
- Imam Ibn al-Jawzi said in the ills of the Infinite (8/2 H 823) he said it is not true.
- This is what Ibn Hajar said in the tongue of Al-Mizan (276/5 H 948).
- Malawi is in the iceberg of the Almighty (H. 2287).
- And the Albanian is in the weak chain (117/1H 43).
I know, may Allaah have mercy on you, that the obligation of Zakat al-Fitr is agreed upon, so there is no consideration for this Hadeeth on that issue.
Written by Sheikh Abu Muaz Mustafa Daoud.
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